COVID-19 Assay PCR Kit

Made in Korea

COVID-19 Assay Kit is designed to qualitatively detect SARS-CoV-2 in sputum, Broncho alveolar lavage fluid, oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal smears using Real-time reverse-transcription PCR. It is an in-vitro diagnostic medical device.

Procedure Overview

PCR

Real-time PCR

CFX96™ (Bio-Rad)

PCR

Applied Biosystems™ 7500
Real-time PCR Instrument system
(Thermo Fisher Scientific)

Applied Biosystems™ 7500
Fast Real-time PCR Instrument system
(Thermo Fisher Scientific)

Result Analysis

  • To confirm the Ct Value for each of target case.
  • Ct≤40, “+”,  Ct>40 “-”
  • Following the Analysis table

COVID-19 Assay PCR Kit Result Analysis Table

CasePositive ControlNegative ControlFAMCy5HEXInterpret ation
1+-+++SARAS-CoV-2 Positive
2+-++-SARAS-CoV-2 Positive
3+--++Sarbecovirus Positive
4+--+-Sarbecovirus Positive
5+---+Negative
6+----Invalid Result / Retest
7+-+-+/-Invalid Result / Retest
8+++/-+/-+/-Invalid Result / Retest
9-++/-+/-+/-Invalid Result / Retest
10--+/-+/-+/-Invalid Result / Retest

Composition

Composition

  1. 2x One-step Buffer
  2. One-step Enzyme
  3. Assay 1 (RdRp gene)
  4. Assay 2 (E gene)
  5. Internal Control
  6. Positive Control

Preservation

  • Temperature :  Less than  -20℃
  • Shelf Life :  12 month from Date of Manufacture

COVID-19 Asssy PCR Kit Packing

COVID-19 Assay RT-PCR kit  Packaging Instructions

1. INTENDED USE

COVID-19 Assay is an in vitro diagnostic test, based on Real-time reverse-transcription PCR technology, for the amplification and detection of SARS-CooV–2(COVID-19) of RdRp gene and Sarbeoovirus of E gene from Sputum, Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and Oropharyngeal, Nasopharyngeal swab. The Kit aids to diagnose COVID-19.

2. REAGENTS            (Storage at ≤-20℃)

ReagentsCapVolume ()
2 x One-step BufferB1000 x 2
One-step EnzymeE200
Assay 1 (RdRp gene)*A1400
Assay 2 (E gene)*A2400
Internal ControlIC200
Positive ControlPC200

(Cat. No. CV9017B is presented)      * Include ROX reference dye

3.STORAGE AND EXPIRATION DATE

3.1 Expiration date : 12 months from the date of manufacturing
3.2 Storage : below -20 ℃, avoid light
▶ Failure to comply with the storage method of this kit may rreessuulltt in poorperformance of the kit.
▶ Do not use the kit beyond expiry date. Do not pool reagents from different lots or from different tubes of the same lot.

4. PROTOCOL

COVID-19-Assay-Kit-4-protocol

4.1 PRECAUTIONS

① Use disposable gloves, lab coat, and goggles when handling samples and test reagents.
② Thaw the samples and reagents on the ice and then use.
③ Be sure to wear Poly-gloves to prevent RNase contamination from hands.

 4.2 RNA EXTRACTION

① Extract RNA from samples using RNA extraction kit according to the manufacture’s instruction.
② Depending on the extraction method, the amount, purity, and real-time PCR results of RNA can be affected. It is recommended to use QIAGEN’s QIAamp Viral RNA Mini or commercialized extraction kit(Cat. No. 52904, 52906) , GeneAll’s RibospinTM vRD II(Cat. No. 322-150).

4.3 PREPARATION OF RT-PCR REACTION

① Prepare the reaction according to the table below.
▶ Be sure to use the Control after vortexing and spin-down.
▶ Positive Control : Use the “Positive Control” included in the kit instead of the template RNA. Be careful not to cause carry-over contamination when performing the PC amplification.
▶ Negative Control : Use the RNase free water instead of template RNA.
▶ Adjust the final volume by using RNase free water.

 

ComponentsVolume (㎕)
2 x One-step Buffer10
One-step Enzyme1
Each Assay(1 or 2)4
Internal Control1
Template RNAX(control 4㎕)
Total volume20

② Mix the reaction briefly and spin-down to gather the reaction in bottom of the tube.
▶ Be careful not to form bubbles in the mixture.
③ After spin-down of the mixture, perform the PCR immediately.

4.4 Real-time PCR INSTRUMENT SETTINGS

① Recommended PCR Instruments are below.
▶C FX96TM Real-time PCR detection system (Bio-Rad)
▶Applied BiosystemsTM 7500 Real-time PCR Instrument system (Thermo Fisher Scientific)
② Run the PCR instrument after setting PCR dondition following the table below. The setting condition can be commonly applied to the PCR machines above.
<Fluorescence condition>

TargetFluorophore
SARS-CoV-2 (RdRp gene)FAM
Sarbecovirus (E gene)Cy5
Internal ControlHEX(VIC)

<Reaction condition>

Temperature (℃)TimeCycles
5030 min1
9515 min1
9515 sec45
601 min*45

* Collect the fluorescence data

4.5 POST-EXPERIMENTAL

① Be sure to wash your hands after the test. If samples or reagents come into contact with the eyes or skin etc., immediately rinse out those with running water and then go to see a doctor for medical advice.
② Experimental equipment and workstation surfaces should be completely disinfected at all times after the test using 0.5% sodium hypochlorite or suitable disinfectant.
③ After the test, the remaining samples and PCR products, and other materials that may affect the results of the test, should be stored in a separate place from the reagent to be used.
④ All wastes generated from the test should be stored in a separate safe place or container and disposed of in accordance with legally designated treatment regulations.

5. RESULTS ANALYSIS

▶ After PCR reaction, set threshold for each PCR machine in its management program following the table below.

 

InstrumentThreshold
CFX96TMAuto threshold
AB7500FAM, Cy5 : 3
AB7500HEX : Auto threshold

▶ Check the Ct value of each target samples.
▶ If the Ct value is ≤40, interpret as “+”, and >40 or NA, interpret as “-”.
▶ Determine the results according to the following table.

COVID-19-Assay-Kit-6-RESULTS-ANALYSIS

IC signal is detected in NC results as this kit puts Internal Control material into the RT-PCR reaction.
The signals of internal control is not required for positive results of targets. The IC signal may not be detected depending on the amplification of target.
In case 6, If both signals of IC and the target are not detected, re-extract the nucleic acid and analyze it.
If NC and PC well do not display all signals including IC, consider that there is an error during reagents preparation and proceed again from the process of “Method 3) RT-PCR reaction preparation”.

6. RESULTS OF PERFORMANCE EVALUATION

6.1 Specificity
To check the specificity of LabGunTM COVID-19 Assay, 14 types of virus and 29 other infectious pathogens were tested for cross-reaction, and as a result, PCR amplification and detection of those were not observed except the specified targets.
6.2 Sensitivity
To check the Sensitivity of LabGunTM COVID-19 Assay, In vitro transcription RNA was diluted from 1X104 to 10 RNA copies/reaction and analyzed. LabGunTM COVID-19 Assay’s LoD(limit of detection) is 100 RNA copies/reaction.

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